Muscat: The National Museum on Saturday inaugurated the exhibition “Syria: The Cradle of Civilizations” in cooperation with the General Directorate of Antiquities and Museums of Damascus, and inaugurated the “Objects on loan from the Republic of India” at the Museum of Oman and the World Gallery in cooperation with the Indian Embassy in Muscat.
The exhibition was inaugurated under the patronage of Her Highness Sayyida Mona bint Fahd Al Said, Deputy President of Sultan Qaboos University for International Cooperation and Deputy of the Board of Trustees of the National Museum, in the presence of Dr Lubana Mushawah, Minister Culture of Syria, Amit Narang, Ambassador of India to the Sultanate of Oman, and a number of people interested in cultural and museum affairs.
The inauguration ceremony included a speech by E. Jamal bin Hassan al-Mousawi, Secretary General of the National Museum, and. Dr. Labana Mushawah, Minister of Culture of Syria, followed by the speech of Amit Narang, Ambassador of the Republic of India to the Sultanate of Oman.
After the inauguration, an official session of talks took place between the Sultanate of Oman and the Ministry of Culture of Syria, during which the bilateral cooperation between the two countries was discussed, emphasizing the efforts aimed at developing relations in the cultural and museum fields and strengthening bilateral relations. relationship between the two parties. The Sultanate of Oman side was represented by His Highness Sayyida Dr. Mona bint Fahd Al-Said, Jamal bin Hassan Al-Moosawi and a number of officials from the National Museum. The Syrian side was represented by Dr. Labana Mushawah, and Idris Maya, Ambassador of Syria, and. Muhammad Nazir Awad, Director General of the General Directorate of Antiquities and Museums, and a number of the accompanying delegation.
Jamal bin Hassan Al-Moosawi, Secretary General of the National Museum, said: The preservation of Syrian heritage in the current exceptional circumstances is an urgent necessity that should not be postponed due to the important role that the cultural factor plays in the reconstruction and social detection. identity. This ancient heritage is a civilizational heritage that belongs to all humanity, going beyond the borders of Syria due to its exceptional historical, artistic, aesthetic and significant dimensions.
Jamal al-Moosawi added: “Within the framework of international cooperation and the preservation of material heritage, and on the basis of the agreement reached in (2019 CE) on a temporary loan of museum objects from the General Directorate Antiquities and Museums of Damascus, which were damaged during the period of the Syrian crisis for conservation purposes, and from the end of the year (2020) until the middle of the year (2021), (201 ) museum pieces were received in two batches, including the unique Palmyrene sculptures, in addition to artifacts from the Paleolithic period – Pre-Pottery A, the Bronze Age, the Umayyad Caliphate period, the Ayyubid period, the Mamluk period and the Ottoman period. During the first semester (2020), (9) Palmyra statues were preserved. Then, in the first quarter of (2022), the National Museum’s conservation and preservation team completed the restoration of (195) pieces of Syrian artifacts and the (9) Palmayrene statues. As the artifacts went through several stages of the conservation and preservation process, beginning with sterilization, documentation, and photography, and ending with restoration operations, ultimately the team’s efforts were successful.
For his part, Dr. Labana Mushawah, said: The exhibition “Syria: Cradle of Civilizations” is complementary to the numerous and continuous efforts of the Omani and Syrian sides, which began more than two years ago by loaning the National Museum from the Sultanate of Oman a number of well-known Syrian artifacts The cultural heritage of Syria exceeds 175 pieces, many of which have been restored, preserved and kept in the National Museum.
The National Museum of Oman and the World Gallery display artifacts on loan from the Republic of India. A book entitled “Tarikh-i-Kesari” which presents information on the history of Oman and Zanzibar, on loan from the National Museum of New Delhi, and a work of art from Fort al-Mirani in Muscat, on loan from the National Museum of Modern Art in New Delhi. The collection will be on display to all visitors until June 30, 2022.
Amit Narang said: “The common historical ties between the peoples of the Sultanate of Oman and the Republic of India span thousands of years, and the artifacts on loan from India reflect this common past and the continued cooperation between the two countries. This inauguration is the first step after the pandemic. We look forward to more similar cooperation opportunities in the future, because there are many things that can be shared between the two countries, not only historically but also culturally.We aspire to cooperate with the National Museum to establish more exhibitions of many arts of India.
The book “Tarikh-i-Kesari” by Muhammad Akbar Ali Khan is a rare visual and written record of the era of princely states in India, with thumbnails of their founders or current rulers, in addition to rulers whose states had close relations with the British Raj.
The book was published on January 1, 1877, in the Urdu and Hindi languages, with the support of “Anjamen Islamic Delhi” or the General Islamic Gathering, on the occasion of Queen Victoria’s accession to the title of “Empress of India”, which was announced in “Durbar Delhi” or the gathering of the court in Delhi.
The publication deals with the biographies of rulers, kings and princes, including Sultan Thuwainibin Said al-Busaidi (ruled: 56-1866 CE) and Sultan Barghash bin Said al-Busaidi (ruled: 70-1888 CE), whose two unique miniature paintings of the two sultans, listing their exploits and titles. It also goes over a detailed summary of Muscat and Zanzibar and their geographic locations, sources of income for both countries, and data on their armies. The book reports that the British government awarded 21 gunshots as a mark of respect and welcome to the Sultan of Muscat, Oman and the Sultan of Zanzibar, as they are the independent rulers of two fully sovereign states. According to what came in this book, which confirms the long history of the Omani political entity in its two parts, Sultan Thuwaini bin Said al-Busaidi is the only ruler in the Arabian Peninsula who enjoyed these ceremonies without anyone from other, according to what is said in this book, which confirms the long history of the Omani political entity in its two parts.
As for the oil painting, it embodies a view of Fort al-Mirani in Muscat by British artist Thomas Daniel, which dates back to the period of the al-Busaid dynasty (1229 AH/1814 CE). The painting is on loan from the National Museum of Modern Art in New Delhi (Republic of India).